National Geographic : 1892 Mar 18
The Wealth of the Indies. for all ages it has been the storehouse from which treasures were derived. Portugal held India from about 1500 to 1600. Ships brought the silks and precious stones of India to Lisbon, where they were sold to the Dutch and distributed by them through Europe. Spain conquered Portugal, and to avenge herself on Holland excluded her merchants from Lisbon. They then sailed directly for India, dispossessed the Portuguese, and the commerce of India was for the next hundred years controlled by Holland. Then for a short time India was divided between France and England, but under Lord Clive and Warren Hastings the pos sessions of France passed to the East India company, and when their charter expired it was made a province of the crown and the Queen of England became Empress of India. Unlike Rome and Spain in their dealings with conquered nations, England gives a fair exchange for all she takes, and rules in India for India, giving a more stable and equitable gov ernment than India ever before enjoyed. Today Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage are known only by their ruins; the glory of Greece and Rome, of Venice and Genoa, has passed; the power of Spain and Portugal has waned, while India is developing a social, moral, and political prosperity, with wealth and commerce unknown in any former period of her history. Suez Canal. Much of the trade of India in ancient times passed through a canal connecting the Red sea with the Mediterranean, the remains of which still exist, and efforts to reopen it have been made at different times by Egypt without success. In 1856 de Lesseps obtained concessions from the khedive for the Suez canal, and commenced the work under the direction of the best engineers of Europe. De Lesseps applied to English capitalists for help, but they were deterred by Lord Palmerston, who said he " Would oppose the work to the very end." Mr Stevenson, the engineer, supported Lord Palmerston, declaring that " The scheme was impracticable, except at an expense too great to warrant any expectation of returns." The emperor of France lent his name to the company, and large sums of money were raised in France; but the canal was constructed mainly by the money and laborers of Egypt. It was opened in 1869, and immediately English 2-NAT. G(EOO.MA , vor,. TV, 1892.
1892 May 15
1892 Feb 19