National Geographic : 1892 May 15
River Systems and their Names. 133 forms the outlet of lake Ahklen brings up the whole subject of the nomenclature of the Yukon and its tributaries. The sub ject has received very thorough treatment by Dall, Dawson, and Russell, so that the history of discovery in the Yukon basin and the origin of the names applied to the Yukon tributaries need not be discussed here. From a consideration of the physi ography of the basin, its main axis must be regarded as coincid ing with the Ahklen valley; but I can hardly agree with Russell that this is sufficient ground for disregarding well established usage, as he has done in continuing the name Yukon up to the lake.* Inasmuch as the rivers in question lie almost wholly within Canadian territory, the final authority upon the nomen clature must be the Canadian board of geographic names, and as Dr Dawson has given the subject the most thorough consid eration I have followed him,f with a few minor changes in the most of which he has signified his concurrence. The name Yukon is applied to the river from its mouth to Selkirk. The name Pelly is confined to what has been called the " Upper Pelly," i. e., from Selkirk to its head. The name Lewes is applied to the river from Selkirk to lake Lindemann, called the " Yukon " by Schwatka. Finally the river flowing from lake Ahklen is called the Teslin, that being the native name as determined by Schwatka and Dawson, with the generic portion dropped. Thus Schwatka gives " Tesel-hina " (more probably Tes-el-in hina) and Dawson, " Teslin-too; " but " hina " and "too " are generic terms for river, so it is properly Teslin river. The name Newberry, applied to the river by Schwatka in 1883, has never come into general use, and the name Hotalinqua,which is com monly used by the miners, was, as Dawson has shown, trans ferred through misapprehension from another tributary of the Lewes. The floodplain of Teslin river is something over a mile in width, between high bluffs of silt and gravel which will be more fully described under the head of glacial phenomena. * Notes on the Surface Geology of Alaska: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., vol. 1, 1889, p. 107. t Report on an Exploration in the Yukon district, N. W. Territory, and adjacent northern portion of British Columbia, in 1887: Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. of Canada for 1887-88, vol. 3, pt. i, 1889, pp. 14B-18B. t Report of a Military Reconnoissance in Alaska made in 1883, Wash ington, 1885, map (pt. i, sheet 4). 19-NAT. GEOo. MAO., VOL.IV, 1892.
1893 Feb 08
1892 Mar 31