National Geographic : 1893 Feb 08
tours, is a move toward giving a graphic presentation of the appearance of the country. The shading is not altogether satis factory, owing, perhaps, to lack of practice on the part of the draughtsman, as this is something which requires years of study to produce with good effect. The maps are printed in five colors, though probably one of these, red (used to represent trails and roads) might well have been replaced by black. The brown for the contours, green to represent forests, and blue for drainage, with black for culture, gives one of the most satisfactory and effective combinations possible. There are, however, some serious defects in these maps. The representation of the topographic features is hardly natural. There is a want of detail and little suggestion of the ruggedness of the country. An experienced topographer immediately notes many features which are plainly due to misinterpretation of the photographs. From the appearance of the country as mapped one would expect to be able to take a pack-train anywhere, whereas in reality the ruggedness of the country forbids travel even on foot in the greater portion of this region. These are re sults of the extreme generalization due to the making of maps from photographs. The scale employed might well be reduced, say, to 2 miles to an inch. This scale would be amply large to show every detail represented, and would be more in consonance with the vertical scale of 100-foot contour intervals which is em ployed. Apparently but a small number of stations were occupied in mapping the country. On one of these sheets in particular, the Anthracite sheet, but one station appears to have been occu pied in a total area of 65 square miles. The expense of this work, eight dollars per square mile, is double that of work on a scale of 2 miles to the inch on this side of the boundary, with which it may be compared. H.M.W. Lieutenant Peary's Crossing of Northern Greenland.-The follow ing account of this remarkable journey is condensed from the only official sources available, which are the accounts over Lieutenant Peary's signature in the New York Sun of October 25 and 31, 1892. Lieutenant Peary's party of seven wintered at Red cliff, on the shore of McCormick bay, in about 77° 7'N. 71° W. On April 30, 1892, the advance travelling party left Red cliff, followed May 2 by Lieutenant Peary. Besides the 202 Notes.
1893 Feb 20
1892 May 15