National Geographic : 1893 Feb 08
200 General A. W.Greely- Collinson's Arctic Journey. Parry, in his wonderful voyage to Winter harbor, traversed only 30° of longitude from the open water of Lancaster sound, but Collinson took his vessel nearly twice as far from the free waters of Bering strait. It should be noted to Collinson's credit that the series of straits through which he tacked his vessel were the worst that have ever been successfully navigated to a consid erable distance by any Arctic expedition, and that in addition to his journey from Bering strait to Cambridge bay and return he also carried "the Enterprise up McClure strait to as high a point as was reached by the Investigator. In short, no other ves sel came so near completing the Northwest Passage as the Enter prise. The writer of the article referred to was not ignorant of Collin son's journey, for on page 480 he refers to the fact that Collin son wintered at Camden bay in 1853-4. On the other hand, McClure never visited Herschel island. It is not mentioned in any of his reports, and the track charts, both in Armstrong's " Northwest Passage " and in Osborn's account of McClure's voyage, show that the Investigator, under McClure, left the American coast near Camden bay and steered northeastward into the polar pack, into which the Investigator penetrated nearly ninety miles from land. Obliged by the closing ice to turn back ward, McClure made Pelly island, on the eastern side of Mac kenzie river, thus making a long detour in which his nearest approach to Herschel island was at a point about twenty-five miles northeast of it. The records thus show that McClure found an open sea from point Barrow eastward in 1850, Collinson in 1851 and 1853, and Stockton in 1889, while the American whalers came safely back in 1899. In short, it may be said that nearly every year the Mackenzie may be reached by steam whalers, and that the ice is neither eternal nor fixed along the shores of northern Alaska and the Mackenzie River region. It appears to be a proper labor for the National Geographic Society to favor the correction of errors relating to noted journeys and ill known regions; hence this attempt to do justice to Col linson and to correct the inferential error as to the Mackenzie river which by a flight of fancy only, can be described as a land "' Where the ice never melts."
1893 Feb 20
1892 May 15