National Geographic : 1893 Feb 08
Stockton's Arctic Voyage. 199 Above her was the gray Arctic sky, colder even to behold than the blue ice itself. All around was the silence of the far north-the terrible Arctic silence that drives men mad with the longing for some sound. Only the coming and going of the vessel's crew gave life to the scene. "The vessel was Her Britannic Majesty's ship Investigator, Captain McClure; the place was the mouth of the great river Mackenzie; the island was that named in honor of the famous astronomer, Sir William Herschel. "For nearly two score years no vessel crossed the waters of Mackenzie bay. Herschel island, unvisited for more than a generation, was but a name on the maps. At last one summer drove back the ice farther than before in forty years, and the west wind helped it, and then through the narrow lanes of water and through the shifting ice came nine vessels, eight of them dingy craft-whaling vessels-but the other a trim ship, whose sails were white, whose metal-work shone, from whose peak flut tered the stars and stripes-the United States steamer Thetis, commanded by Lieutenant - Commander Stockton, the first man-of-war that' ever reached Herschel island, the first vessel ever to fly in that lonely place the flag of the United States." The Arctic voyage made by the late Captain (afterwards Ad miral) Sir Richard Collinson in H M S Enterprise, from 1851 to 1854, was perhaps, everything considered, the most successful expedition made in Arctic research prior to the use of steam. Collinson passed point Barrow in 1851 and wintered for that season in Walker bay (710 35' N., 170° 39' W.), on Prince Albert land, to the east of Bank's or Baring's land. The next season, 1852-3, he wintered in Cambridge bay (69° 3' N., 105° 12' W.). He left Cambridge bay in the summer of 1853, on August 10, and on September 15 reached Camden bay, near Flaxman island, between the Mackenzie and point Barrow. The sea was nearly open, but strong easterly winds, packing the ice to the west of the bay, formed a sufficient barrier to prevent Collinson escap ing from the ice, especially as he was depending entirely on sail. The Enterprise here wintered in 70° 8' N., 145° 29' W., and in the ensuing summer, on July 20, 1854, was able to sail eastward to Bering strait. As already said, Collinson's voyage was remarkably success ful. Herschel island, which was reached by Stockton and the American whalers under steam, is about 15° in longitude east of point Barrow; but Collinson took his vessel under sail about 400 east of that point, or nearly three times as far beyond point Barrow.
1893 Feb 20
1892 May 15