National Geographic : 1893 Mar 20
Foreigners the industrialSubstratum. 39 Minnesota and the Dakotas, while the British are found scattered widely over the northern states. These people are guided largely by temperature in the selec tion of their homes. Those from northern Europe and Canada settle in the far north. The Germans, coming from a more tem perate climate, have settled mainly south of them, as have also the Irish. What is the distribution of this foreign element as between urban and rural life ? As a rule, the Irish prefer urban life; the great proportion of them settling in the cities. The same is also true in an almost equal degree with the British. The Germans are somewhat less disposed toward urban life, but still a large part of them, far beyond their due proportion, are found in our large cities. The same is the case with the French-Canadians, while the Norwegians and Swedes are much more disposed toward rural life, and the great body of them are found away from the centers of population. As a rule, however, the foreign population flocks to the cities in far greater proportion than the native element does. In 1890 the twenty-eight largest cities of the country contained a population of 9,700,000, or about 15 per cent of the population of the country. Now the foreign-born element of these cities comprises a little over 3,000,000, or almost exactly one-third of the total foreign born of the country. Put ting it in another way, nearly one-third of the population of these cities is foreign born, while in the country at large only about one-sixth of it is foreign born. These cities contain, therefore, double their quota of the foreign-born element (plate 17). As to occupations, it may be stated broadly that the foreign born element is engaged in avocations lower in character than the native element, principally in those involving skilled and unskilled labor, while the proportion of them in the learned pro fessions is much less, relative to their numbers, than among the native element. While in 1880 the foreign born constituted about one-seventh of the population, it was found that of law yers, clergymen, physicians and teachers there were about 11 native born to one foreign born. On the other hand, among servants there was one foreign born to little more than three native born. Among unskilled laborers the foreign born were in the proportion of one to two native born, while in skilled labor, such as blacksmiths, shoemakers and carpenters, the proportion was also as one to two, and foreign-born miners exceeded in total number the native born.
1893 Apr 7
1893 Feb 20