National Geographic : 1893 Apr 7
The Voyage of Magellan. 11 having been shipwrecked, and found a channel which proved to be the long-sought passage to India. Three months were spent in exploring the straits of Magellan before they entered the Pacific ocean. One of the vessels sent to explore a channel in the straits deserted and returned to Spain. They sailed along the coast of Patagonia 400 or 500 miles, and then northeastward toward Cathay ard the Spice islands. The wind was light, the ocean was as calm and smooth as an inland sea, and they called it the Pacific ocean. For months their prog ress was slow; their food failed; scurvy and sickness broke out. TRACKOF TOn VICTORIA 0192 ~ ---- ... - -- - --- .... * FIGURE 1. -Magellan's Circumnavigation. Finally they reached the Ladrone islands and found the food and rest they so much needed. They then sailed for the Philip pine islands, where in a foolish affray with the natives Magellan was killed; but he had finished his work-he had circumnavi gated the globe; he had reached the east by sailing west. One of the three vessels which had crossed the Pacific was abandoned and burnt in the Phillippine islands, another was lost in the Malaccas ; the last, loaded with spice, returned to Spain and finished the most remarkable voyage on record. Of the 280 men who sailed with Magellan in September, 1519, only 18 returned in September, 1522. The cost of this fleet, with * Reproduced, with minor alterations taken from the text, from a tracing of a chromolith showing the "Voyage of the Victoria" in "The Life of Ferdinand Magellan," by F. H. H. Guillemard, 1891 (?), pl. ii, p. 142.
1893 Apr 29
1893 Mar 20