National Geographic : 1893 Apr 7
Later Voyages and Death of Columbus. were fresh-it was only the Orinoco river. He coasted for some distance along the shore of the Caribbean sea still looking for the straits, and then set sail for Hispaniola (or Cuba), where he had left his brother governor. On arriving he found his brother deposed and imprisoned. Columbus himself was put in chains and sent home. The captain of the vessel offered to remove his chains, but he refused, saying that they had been put on by order of the king and could be removed only by him. While Columbus was vainly searching in the new world for the Orient, Vasco de Gama found it for Portugal in 1497 by sail ing around the cape of Good Hope and crossing the Indian ocean to India and the Spice islands. He returned to Lisbon bringing all manner of precious stones, silks and satins, and spices of every kind. Columbus for the time was forgotten, and it was only after a long detention that he was permitted again to sail toward the western world. On his fourth and last voyage Columbus landed at Honduras, followed the coast of Nicaragua and the isthmus of Panama, and then sailed along the Caribbean sea vainly searching for the straits that would lead him to the promised land. On his return from this voyage the queen, his friend, was dead, and the last eighteen months of his life were spent in poverty and sickness at Valladolid, where he died in 1506, so little known that the local records of the city, which give many insignificant details, make no mention of his death. After Columbus had opened the way it was easy for other navigators to follow where he had led. Two other Italians, John Cabot and Sebastian, his son, sailed from England in 1497 nearly due westward for Cathay. They discovered Newfound land and sailed thence northeastward along the coast of Labra dor, and were probably the first discoverers of the continent of America. The next year they made another voyage to Newfoundland, and then followed the coast of North America southward, probably reaching the Carolinas. These voyagers, still seeking Cathay and the Spice islands, cared little for a land of hills and rocks, where neither gold nor silver was found. Two generations pass before we hear of any further English expeditions to the new world. The most noted of the followers of Columbus was Americus Vespucius, like Columbus and the Cabots an Italian, a pilot 2-NAT. GEOG.MAG., VOL. V, 1893.
1893 Apr 29
1893 Mar 20