National Geographic : 1894 Jan 31
252 G. Davidson-Northwestern Coast of America. visible at a distance of sixty miles from the coast. It is in lati tude 39° 41'." (Davidson's Coast Pilot.) This would give a correction of - 1° 19' to Cabrillo's position. The vessels were now well out at sea, and Ferrelo says: " The Wednesday following, the 28th day of the said month, at daybreak, the wind shifted directly to the southwest, and it did not blow hard. This day they observed the latitude in 43°." With the average instrumental correction from identified points this would place the vessels in latitude 41i°, and far out to sea. Ferrelo continues: " Toward night the wind freshened and shifted to the south southwest. They ran this night to the west-nothwest with much difficulty, and Thursday [March 1] at daybreak the wind shifted to the southwest with great fury, and the seas came from many quarters, which harassed them much, and broke over the ships, which, not having the decks (as in a man-of-war), if God should not succor them, they could not escape, and not being able to lay-to, of necessity they scudded northeast toward the land; and now, holding themselves for lost, they commended themselves to Our Lady of Guadaloupe, and made their promises [or offer ings], and ran thus until three o'clock in the afternoon with much fear and labor, for they saw they were going to be lost, and already they perceived many signs of the land, which must be near, as small birds and logs, very fresh, which had floated from some rivers, although from the dark and cloudy weather the land did not appear. At this hour the Mother of God suc cored them with the grace of her Son, and there came a very vio lent rainstorm from the north, which made them scud all that night and the following day until sunset to the south, with the foresails furled, and because there was a high sea from the south it broke over them each time at the bow and swept over them as if over a rock." On the first of March Cabrillo's narrator says: " When the weather cleared up they observed the sun in forty and four de grees, with so much cold they were freezing." This observation, corrected by the average instrumental variation, would place the vessel in 420 30' of latitude, more or less, and well out to sea, because the landfalls in this region can be seen sixty and more miles from seaward. Another important statement is made in relation to the indi cations of discolored fresh water from rivers. In latitude 42° 25'
1894 Feb 14
1893 Jul 10