National Geographic : 1894 Jan 31
238 G. Davidson-Northwestern Coast of America. day in their exciting discoveries. The two narratives had to be collated and studied as a general statement; then every word and idiomatic phrase had to be carefully weighed and defined. The mistranslation of certain words in Cabrillo, Ferrelo and Vizcaino had misled previous investigators. I based my translation of the narrative of Cabrillo upon the condensed, unconnected and unsatisfying chapters of Herrera corrected several mistakes and deciphered one or two obscure passages. Ferrelo's narrative is in moderate detail, and presents several critical passages where important issues are involved, yet I feel satisfied that every case of doubt has been elucidated. These two narratives are of unequal value. The original of Ca brillo has certainly been lost, and as he died during the explo ration the statements after the first ten days are extremely meager. Discoveries like that of San Diego bay are not men tioned; once there is a difference of date with Ferrelo, and occasionally particular expressions are common to both narra tives. For Drake's share of discovery on this coast we have " The World Encompassed," printed by the Hakluyt Society; the "Arcano del Mare," of Dudley; the "English Hero," and later productions. For the narrative of Vizcaino I have used the " Noticia de la California," etc, by the Father Miguel Venegas, of which the published English translation is unsatisfactory. So far as I have learned, there are no charts of Ulloa, Cabrillo and Ferrelo extant. Learning that there was a manuscript chart in the Royal Museum of Miinchen exhibiting the line of coast as seen by Drake between latitudes 42t° and 380, I ob tained full-sized photographs of this invaluable record, which was evidently the basis for Dudley's chart of that part of the coast in his "Arcano del Mare" of 1647. Except the orien tation of Drake's chart the shore-line from Rogue river, in 42 0°, to Drake's bay, under 380, is remarkably consistent with the general outline of the coast as laid down by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. From the British Museum I obtained tracings of the Portus Novae Albionis of Drake, and part of the hemisphere whereon is shown his northwesternmost position and the Crescent City reef (the Dragon rocks of Vancouver), never before connected with his landfall of the coast.
1894 Feb 14
1893 Jul 10