National Geographic : 1894 Jan 31
160 T.C. Chamberlin-Relationsof Geology to Physiography. to occupy in our educational system. It is my conviction, as already indicated, that physiography should be given a distinct recognition under this distinctive term and a definite place in our curricula intermediate between geography, as usually un derstood, and geology. To avoid possible misunderstanding, permit me to say that I recognize, as already intimated, the breadth of the field appro priate to physiography. It may be made to embrace the entire physical environment of man and so to include large factors of meteorology and astronomy as well as the distribution and physical relations of plants, animals, the races of man, and the types of civilization. Its realm is broader than that of either geography or geology, and in this breadth and comprehensive ness lies one of its claims to a place in our high-school courses. It is because of this very breadth that I urge selection and a sufficient concentration upon the part most available for educa tional purposes,.to furnish typical ideas and basal training. I urge concentration upon the immediate environment of man and upon the processes and activities transpiring in our very presence, as a groundwork and point of departure for the broader view of man's physical surroundings. The immediate environ ment involves an important meteorological factor, but that does not fall within my special theme. When physiography shall be developed effectively along these lines, it may very wisely, I think, replace the formal study of geology in our high schools except in special cases where there are local or personal reasons for retaining it, for physiography taught in this vital and genetic way contains many of the most essential and fundamental elements of geology.
1894 Feb 14
1893 Jul 10