National Geographic : 1894 Feb 14
22 G. G. Hubbard--GeographicProgressof Civilization. The most favored places in the world for climate, fertility of soil, and ease of access are, first, the West Indies; next the islands of Oceanica. Surpassing these in fertility and equaling them in salubrity of climate is the valley of the Amazon. These regions are now inhabited by the Negro, the Polynesian, and the Indian. The Negro in the equatorial regions, unless held as a slave, supplants the white man; the Polynesian and Indian both fade before the civilization of the white man. In the valley of the Amazon a mixed race of whites and Indians seems per sistent, and the white element by a. kind of natural selection predominates. A late writer says that these regions must be given up to in ferior races; to this conclusion'we cannot agree. In the progress of civilization man with his inventions and discoveries, by, the applied power of steam and electricity, has practically annihi lated time and space. In the early history of man he was con trolled by and subject to his environment, which shaped his life and formed his character; now he in turn controls his environ ment. In our homes we temper the summer heat and make an equatorial climate in winter; we daily provide our tables with all the products of each season of the year and every clime; we have begun even to understand and combat the microbes of the tropical regions that have brought sickness and death in their train. We have followed the progress of civilization from the rising to the setting sun; we have witnessed its decay in one country, followed by the rise of a higher civilization in another; we. have seen it cross the Atlantic to the New World where it has spread, ever widening and deepening its scope, until it has leavened the whole mass of humanity. We began with the proposition that in all the ages of the past civilization has been confined to the favored regions lying in the temperate zone; but with ever increasing knowledge there seems to be no reason to doubt that man will eventually bring under subjection all the adverse conditions of physical life and become the master of his environment, until the whole earth, even those regions heretofore supposed to be entirely unfit for habitation, shall own his power and become the abode of the highest intel ligence and greatest civilization.
1894 Mar 17
1894 Jan 31