National Geographic : 1894 Feb 14
Slow Progress of the dark Continent. 17 to the thick woods of the interior, the Bushmen and the Hotten tots to the extreme southern lands of Africa. Cape Colony, in the southern part of Africa, in a mountainous region with salubrious climate and considerable fertile soil, was settled by the Dutch in 1652, on]- "irtv years subsequent to the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. For over one hun dred years the English have held it, but the population today is only 1,530,000, of whom but 370,000 are whites and 1,160,000 Africans. It should have been a fit home for the white race, but they have not flourished there. Contrast Cape Colony with the Argentine republic, on the same parallel of latitude and with a similar climate. The immigration into that state within the last ten years has been over 1,200,000; in 1869 the population was 1,877,000; in 1891, 5,200,000. Natal, formally occupied by a small number of boers, was seized by the British in 1843, when it had only a few inhabitants. It possesses great advantages of soil, a semi-tropical but agreeable and healthful climate;. the land rising in plateaus from the coast affords several varieties of temperature. Emigrants at different times have poured into the Colony, yet although fifty years have elapsed since its settlement by the British, Natal has only 46,000 Europeans out of a population of over 540,000. Great numbers of Negroes, refugees from the neighboring Zulu country, have settledin Natal, attracted by the good government of the English. Algeria, in the north temperate zone, has a climate like that of Spain, Italy, and Greece. It was conquered by the French and has been held by them for over sixty years. France has sent many colonists to Algeria, but the increase in the European population has been very slow, and for a long time the deaths exceeded the births. The population in 1893 was estimated at 4,124,000, including about 267,000 French and 215,000 other Europeans. The French have had little better success in northern Africa than the English in the south. Within the last fifteen years the nations of Europe have made a few settlements in different parts of Africa, the results of which cannot be foretold. America. The physical geography of America is essentially different from that of the old world, very largely by reason of the fact that in the one the mountains run north and south, in the other 3-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL. VI, 1894.
1894 Mar 17
1894 Jan 31