National Geographic : 1894 Apr 25
M. IW.Iarrington- Weather making. wind. Mr J. Owen Dorsey says the Kanze (Kansa or Kaw) gens of the Omaha tribe, being Wind people, " flap their blankets to start a breeze."* He adds that when there is a blizzard the other Kansa tribe of Indian territory beg the members of the Wind gens to interpose, saying, '0 grandfather, I wish good weather. Cause one of your children to be decorated." Then the youngest son of a Kanze man, say one about four feet high, is chosen for the purpose, and painted with red paint. The youth rolls over and over in the snow, reddening it for some distance all around him. This is supposed to stop the blizzard. The following account is from a book entitled " The Fourteen Ioway Indians " (London, 1844), and relates to raising wind: A packet ship, with Indians on board, was becalmed for several days near the English coast. It was decided to call upon the medicine man to try the efficacy of his magical powers with the endeavor to raise the wind. After the usual ceremony of a mystery feast, and various invo cations to the spirit of the wind and ocean, both were conciliated by the sacrifice of many plugs of tobacco thrown into the sea; and in a little time the wind began to blow, the sails were filled, and the vessel soon wafted into port. The Indians also have many associations with thunder. Madam Lucy Elliot Keeler, in a paper recently contributed to the "American Agriculturist "'for December, 1892, says: The Dakotas used to have a company of men who claimed the exclusive power and privilege of fighting the thunder. Whenever a storm which they wished to avert threatened, the thunder fighters would take their bows and arrows, their magic drum, and a sort of whistle made of the wing-bone of a war eagle, and, thus armed, run out and fire at the rising cloud, whooping, yelling, whistling and beating their drum to frighten it down again. One afternoon a heavy black cloud came up, and they re paired to the top of a hill, where they brought all their magic artillery into play against it; but the undaunted thunder darted out a bright flash which struck one of the party dead as he was in the very act of shaking his long-pointed lance against it. After that they decided that no human power could quell the thunder. In the " Pawnee "Hero Stories and Folk-tales," published by George Bird Grinnell, we find the following: An old Pawnee Indian said: " Up north, where we worshipped at the time of the first thunder, we never had cyclones. Down here [Indian territory], now that this worship has been given up, we have them." *3rd Ann. Rep. Bureau of Ethnology, p. 241 .
1894 May 23
1894 Mar 17