National Geographic : 1894 Dec 29
190 J. W. Redway-The First Landfall of Colunmbs. which he thought to be about five leagues distant. He reached the island after dark, for in the record of the 15th he says: I had been standing off, and on this night, fearing to come close to the shore to anchor, for I could not know whether the coast wag free from shoals, and intending at dawn to clew up sails; and as the island was over five leagues ahead, rather, seven, and the tide detained me, it was noon when I reached said island; and I found that the side of the island, which is toward the island of San Salvador, runs north and south and is five leagues in length, and the other, which I followed, extends east and west and contains more than ten leagues; and, as from this island I saw another larger one to the west, I clewed up sails, for I had gone all that day until night, because I could not have gone to the western cape, to which I gave the name of the island of Santa Maria de la Concepcion, and about sunset I anchored near said cape.* This second island Columbus asserts to have a north-and-south side sixteen and an east-and-west side thirty-two miles in length. Now Crooked and Acklin islands-they are practically one f conform exactly to this description, and there is not another island in the Bahama archipelago that does. The north-and south side of Crooked island is thirteen; the east-and-west side is twenty-nine miles; the distance from SamanA to the north eastern point of Crooked island is twenty-three miles-22.3 the log says. An expert sailing master could not come nearer the truth today than did the Admiral. There is but one discrep ancy, namely, the Admiral's assertion that the side of the island toward Guanahani is the east (Norte Sur) side. As a matter of fact it is the north (Leste Oueste) side that lies off Guanahani. Whether or not during the night, while standing off and, on, the * Habia temporejado esta noche con temor de no llegar &tierra a sorgir antes de la mafiana por no saber si la costa era limpia de bajas, y en amaneciendo cargar velas. Y como la isla fuese mas lejos de cinco leguas, antes serA siete, y la area me detuvo, seria medio dia cuando llegue d la dichia isla y fallen que aquella haz, ques de la part de la isla de San Salvador, se corre Norte Sur, y hay en ella cinco leguas, y la otra que yo segui se corria Leste Oueste, y hay en ella mas de diez leguas. Y como desta isla vide otra mayor al Oueste, cargu6 las velas por andar todo aquel dia fasta noche, porque aun no pudiera haber andado al cabo del Oueste, a la cual puse nombre la isla de la Santa Maria de la Concepcion, y cuasi al poner del sorgi acerca del dicho cabo. t The narrow gut that separates them is hardly more than a tidal swale or kill, not more than four or five feet deep at high tide. It is invisible from the deck of a passing vessel.
1895 Apr 20