National Geographic : 1894 Dec 29
188 J. W. Redway-The First Landjall of Columbus. On this map (see plate 11) it is interesting to note the ap pearance of the name " Bahames" and "Guanima," the Cat island of modern maps. I have seen no map of earlier date on which these names occur. But the most important feature is the fact that here, at least, Samana is itself and Guanahani also. Of the placing of both names to the same island there can be not a shadow of a doubt. Compared with the map of la Cosa, the outlines of Guanahani are geometrically too similar to admit questioning; moreover, its position next to Mayaguana cuts off any further doubts as to its identity. It is the Samana of today, and the islands to the southwestward are the group comprising Acklin and Crooked islands. Now the question as to which island the name Samana belonged has evidently perplexed more than one cartographer. Captain Fox, in his researches, noticed this, and his only error lies in the fact that he did not appreciate the importance of his discov ery. The same perplexity led many cartographers to apply the name to the group now comprising Crooked and Acklin islands. Captain Fox gives a list of maps in which the name dodges back and forth from the Crooked group to the present Samana. Most of these have been examined and verified by the author. Among other maps bearing on the subject are the following, which also include many of those mentioned by Captain Fox. CARTE DE L'AMERIQUE CORRIGiE ET AUGMENTfE, etc, P. Bertius, Amster dam, 1610: The island next Mayaguana is named Trianga. Its position, therefore, is that of Samand. The name is the one Las Casas said that in his time Guanahani bore. THEATRUM ORBIS TERRARUM, Abraham Ortelius, Antwerp, 1572: Guana hani appears in the position it occupies on the map of Henry II. Samand is applied to Crooked group. On a map by the same author, 1590, Samand appears next to Mayaguana. MAP OF NORTH AMERICA; John Senex, Charles Price, John Maxwell, geographers: The present Crooked group is marked Saman or Krooked. Guanahani is a separate island. AN ACCURATE MAP OF NORTH AMERICA; ALSO ALL TIE WEST INDIES, Eman Bowen, geographer to His Majesty, 1733: Crooked, Fortune, Ack lin and Samana form one group. To the northeast, in the position of the present Saanand, is Atwood's Key. This name is also given to Samand, and it is carried today on the official charts of the United States. AMERICE SIVE QUARTER ORBIS PARTIS, NOVA ET EXACTISSIMA DESCRIPTION, Diego Gutiero et al., cosmographio, 1562: On this map Samand appears next to Mayaguana.
1895 Apr 20