National Geographic : 1894 Dec 29
VOL. VI, PP. 179-238, PL. 10-14 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE THE FIRST LANDFALL OF COLUMBUS BY JACQUES W. REDWAY, F. R . G. S. In examining the evidence concerning the first landfall of Columbus on the shores of the American continent, but little attention has been given heretofore to the evidence that might be found in early maps. Most critics have attempted to solve the problem by plotting the course either forward or backward as might seem most expedient. A few historical writers have been content to brush aside all evidence save that contained in the log book, trusting to logical inference where positive evidence is wanting. But logical inferences are of value only when there is something like unanimity of agreement, and thus far, with respect to the landfall, they have resulted, not in unanimity of agreement but in diversity. By such inferences Washington Irving fixed upon Cat island ; Mufioz believed it to be Watling; Navarrete held it to be Grand Turk; Becher, Parker, Murdoch and Markham clewed sails off various parts of the coast of the present Watling; Captain Fox kept the anchors fast to the catheads until the squadron crept into a lee bight on the south side of Samana, and Varn hagen let go those same anchors off the reefs of Mariguana. At the present time, however, but three islands are seriously considered-Mariguana, Watling and SamanA-and the opinions DECEMBER 29, 1894 (179) 25-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL.VI, 1894.
1895 Apr 20