National Geographic : 1896 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY: sume the charge of schools; in others, like Aurora, Illinois, the city does not administer the schools, which remain under the districts into which the school township was divided. A citizen may therefore find himself under three sets of taxes for schools-the township and the district for common schools and the high school township for its specialty. He may have in addition the civil township tax and the corporation tax. When the school district is given a charter making it independent of its town, the succession of taxes is modified. A volume would hardly suffice to instance all the variations and combinations of duties of the taxpayer in different states, or even in different parts of the same state, growing out of the separately chartered taxing powers and their limited independencies. The cities of Washington, D. C., which has practically absorbed Washington county and become identified with the District of Columbia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York; Brooklyn (January 1, 1896), New York; New Orleans, Louisiana, coexten sive with Philadelphia, New York, and Kings counties and Orleans parish respectively, but continuing to exercise some func tions of counties, and San Francisco, California, identical with San Francisco county, represent simply a growth by which cities have filled county boundaries, and not an independence of counties. GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE The receipt at a somewhat late hour of two important articles published in this number of the magazine has necessitated the holding over until April of the entire Department of Geographic Literature. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY, SESSION 189-'96. Special Meeting, January31, 1896. -Vice-President Greely in the chair. Mr Richard Villafranca, Commissioner General from Costa Rica to the Atlanta Exposition, read a paper, with lantern-slide illustrations, on The Geography, People, and Resources of Costa Rica. Regular Meeting, February7, 1896.- Vice-President Merriam in the chair. Mr W J McGee delivered an address, ,illustrated by lantern slides (mostly from original photographs), entitled "A Sojourn in Seriland: Explorations among Hostile Savages of the Gulf of California."