National Geographic : 1896 Mar
118 "FREE BURGHS" IN THE UNITED STATES a similar town for commercial purposes, especially for warehous ing and marketing tobacco. Norfolk, chartered as a borough in 1737, has lost that name, but its relations to the county are to day like those of the original charter, gradually defined, strength ened, and confirmed, in points of dispute, in favor of the munici pality. At first the Norfolk county buildings were in Norfolk, and a special clause in the charter reserved proprietary rights in them to the county. Later legislation authorized their sale and the erection of county buildings outside of Norfolk. The build ings are now in Portsmouth. In 1776 many boroughs which had been given separate repre sentation in the assembly were cut off by a law which prescribed that no borough with a population less, for seven successive years, than half that of any county should be separately repre sented. In the same year the delegate for William and Mary College, specified in its charter, was cut off. In the state law for apportionment of members of Congress, 1892, the following names of cities are given separate from names of counties: First district, Fredericksburg; second, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Williamsburg; third, Richmond and Man chester; fourth, Petersburg; fifth, Danville and the town of North Danville; sixth, Lynchburg, Radford, and Roanoke; seventh, Charlottesville and Winchester; eighth, Alexandria; ninth, Bristol; tenth, Staunton. To these are to be added Buena Vista, in the tenth district, chartered on the day of the approval of the apportionment bill, and Newport News, for which the bill was signed January 18, 1896. The conditions for the town of North Danville are in transition. It has been a town inde pendent of Pittsylvania county, but judicially dependent on Danville. The name has recently been changed to Neapolis, and just too late for insertion here it will be determined by popular vote whether it shall be consolidated with Danville.* In early days there was a disposition in certain other colonies to establish cities independent of counties. In New Jersey and in Maryland such early independencies as survived came under county control. In Pennsylvania the claims of Germantown to independence of the taxation of Philadelphia county were over ruled by the governor. In Virginia, from the incorporation of James City (1639), it has been the steady policy to have the cities independent of the counties. It confuses some students * By popular vote, on February 20, Neapolis is to become a part of Danville on July 1,1896.