National Geographic : 1896 Mar
THE SUBMARINE CABLES OF THE WORLD Socite4 Francaise Des T6legraphes Sous-Marins, total, 3,754 (since in creased to 4,544): Porto-Plata, Santo Domingo, to Fort de France, Mar tinique, 787; Fort de France to Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, 777; Cayenne to Vizeu, Brazil, 662; Santo Domingo to Curacao, 453. Western and Brazilian Telegraph Company, total, 3,964 (since increased to 6,144): Maranham to Ceara, Brazil, 406; Ceara to Pernambuco, 476; Bahia to Rio de Janeiro, 837. Mexican Telegraph Company, total, 1,523: Galveston, Texas, to Tam pico, Mexico, 490; Galveston to Coatzacoalcos, Mexico, 822. Central and South American Telegraph Company, total, 7,497: Salina Cruz, Mexico, to Libertad, Salvador, 434; San Juan del Sur to Panama, 721; Buenaventura to St. Elena, Ecuador, 486; Paita to Callao-Lima, Peru, 553; Callao-Lima to Iquique, Chile, 747; Iquique to Valparaiso, Chile, 877. West Coast of America Telegraph Company, total, 1,699 (since increased to 1,964): Callao-Lima to Mollendo, Peru, 510. NOTE ON COMPILATION OF CHART. This chart (see frontispiece) was compiled in the U. S . Hydrographic Office from the latest information, and is a facsimile of H. O. chart * No. 1530, just issued by that Office. The twelve cables across the North Atlantic ocean were plotted, from their terminal points on the American continent to merid ian 400 west, from positions furnished by the respective cable companies, with the exception of three-the Western Union of 1881 and 1882 and the Mackay-Bennett of 1894- for which positions were furnished all the way across. From the European terminal points to meridian 400 west, the cables, with the exceptions just mentioned, were plotted from information deposited in the Office of Naval Intelligence. A map furnished by the Western Union Telegraph Company was used for the plotting of the principal connecting land lines in the United States. The cables and land lines of Japan were taken chiefly from the Outline Map of Japan showing the principal Post, Telegraph, and Railway Routes, published by the Japanese Department of Communications in 1888, and which accompanies "A concise Dictionary of the principal Roads and Chief Towns and Villages of Japan," by W. N. Whitney, M. D ., formerly Interpreter at the U. S. Legation at Tokyo. The other cables and land lines of the World were taken chiefly from the "Carte des Communications T6l1graphiques du Regime Extra-Euro p6en dressee d'apres des documents officiels par Le Bureau International des Administrations T616graphiques," Berne, 1888. The Coaling, Docking, and Repairing Stations of the World and their different grades of facilities were compiled mainly from a publication of the Office of Naval Intelligence, entitled "Coaling, Docking, and Repair ing Facilities of the Ports of the World," 1892, and corrections thereto up to December, 1895, and from the British Dock book of 1894. *This chart is sold by the Hydrographic Office and its agents at 50 cents per copy.