National Geographic : 1896 Mar
THE SUBMARINE CABLES OF THE WORLD service, sprang into existence, and the present total length of the submarine cables of the world is, in round numbers, 160,000 nautical miles, or enough to girdle the earth seven and one-half times at the equator. At an average cost of $1,200 per mile, the entire system represents an outlay of $192,000,000. Of the total mileage about one-eighth is under the control of various national governments. The Hydrographic Office issued, in 1892, a book on " Sub marine Cables," prepared by Mr G. W. Littlehales as a part of the report of that Office on the survey made by the U. S. ships Albatross and Thetis for an ocean cable route between San Fran cisco and Honolulu. It contains a large amount of interesting information, including valuable statistical data, among which is a complete list of the Submarine Cables of the world, in detail. The tables being much too voluminous for publication in these pages, the following list of the more important cables has been compiled from them, the reader being referred to the original report for information concerning the shorter cables and for more complete data generally: CABLES OVER FOUR HUNDRED NAUTICAL MILES LONG, OPERATED BY GOVERNMENTS. France: Marseilles to Algiers, 3 cables, 488, 496, and 500; Teneriffe to St. Louis, Senegal, 865. Cochin China and Tonkin: Cape St. James to Thuan-An (Hue), 530. British India: Manora to Jask, 531; Jask to Bushire, 2 cables, 519 and 500. CABLES OVER FOUR HUNDRED NAUTICAL MILES LONG, OWNED BY PRIVATE COMPANIES; ALSO TOTAL LENGTH OF CABLES OPERATED BY EACH COMPANY. Direct Spanish Telegraph Company, total, 708: Kennack Cove, Corn wall, to Las Arenas, near Bilbao, 487. Halifax and Bermuda Cable Company: Halifax, N. S., to Hamilton, Bermuda, 850. Spanish National Submarine Telegraph Company, total, 2,159 : Cadiz to Santa Cruz de Teneriffe, 864; Tejita, Teneriffe, to St. Louis, Senegal, 865. West African Telegraph Company, total, 3,015: Kotonu to St. Thomas, 486; St. Thomas to Loanda, 760. Great Northern Telegraph Company, Europe and Asia, total, 6,932; Newbiggin, England, to Arendal, Norway, 424; Newbiggin to Marstrand, Sweden, 510; Newbiggin to Hirtshals, Denmark, 420; Amoy to Gutzlaff, China, 590; Gutzlaff to Nagasaki, Japan, 427; Gutzlaff to Nagasaki, 416: Nagasaki to Vladivostock, Russia, 2 cables, 753 and 766.