National Geographic : 1896 Mar
NANSEN'S POLAR EXPEDITION latitude with his life and carry the secret of his well-earned suc cess to his grave. The numerous errors lately set forth in the press indicate the need of accurate data relative to latitudes attained. The tendency to unfairly present data in the interests of indi viduals or nations is of constant occurrence, and it is not sur prising that the general public should be unfamiliar with all the facts. This is especially true in Arctic matters, as is shown by the North Polar chart in " The Times Atlas," 1895, so much lauded for its fullness and accuracy. On this chart the highest north of the German, Swedish, and English (Parry's, 1827) ex peditions is so described in full by text and latitudes. In the case of Beaumont, the English explorer, his latitude is given as 82° 54' north, which is 33 miles too far north, and his record is spread on the map above that of Lockwood, while the last named explorer, who actually made the highest north ever attained, has not even his latitude entered. In this remarkable case of suppression veri an American explorer loses his nationality, his latitude, and his hard-earned record, all other nationalities having their data entered in full. Under these conditions it seems to be rendering a geograph ical service to reproduce here a table extracted from a " Hand book of Arctic Discovery," written by myself. Records of the Highest North made since 1587 in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres by Land and by Sea.* EASTERN HEMISPHERE. Commander. Date. N. lat. Long. Locality. William Barents.. July 14, 1594 77020 / 62° E. Near cape Nassau, N. Z. Ryp and Heems- June 19, 1596 79049/ 120 E. N. Spitzbergen. kerck (Barents' third voyage). Henry Hudson.... July 13, 1607 800 23' 100 E. Spitzbergen sea. J. C . Phipps ..... July 27, 1773 800 48' 200 E. William Scoresby.. May 24, 1806 81 30/ 19 E. " " W. E. Parry...... July 23, 1827 82045 / 200 E. " " Nordenskiold and Sept. 19, 1868 810 42' 18° E. Spitzbergen sea, Otter. highest by ship. Weyprecht and April 12, 1874 820 05' 600 E. Franz Josef Land, Payer. by Payer, highest land. *NoT. - This table is reproduced by permission of Roberts Brothers, Publishers.