National Geographic : 1896 Apr
THE OLYMPIC COUNTRY t Puerta Infierrio (Infernal gate) : Spanish. t Punta Tepopa (Tepopa point): Generic Spanish, specific of long stand ing. * Punta Ygnacio (Ygnacio point) : Specific in honor of Ygnacio Lozania, a trusty aid who had previously visited this point. * Punta Mashem' (Mashem' point): Specific in honor of sub-chief Ma ahem' (sometimes called Francisco Estorga), who speaks Spanish and acted as interpreter in 1894. t Punta Kino (Kino point): Specific (of long standing) in honor of the early missionary. *Sierra Seri (Seri range): Generic Spanish, specific the extra-vernacu lar tribe name. * Sierra Kunkaak' (Kunkaak' range): Specific the vernacular tribe name. *Cerros Anacoreta (Anchorite hills): Spanish. * Disierto Encinas (Encinas desert): Generic Spanish, specific in honor of the intrepid settler on the outskirts of the desert. Poso Escalante (Escalante well): Generic Spanish, specific in honor of the early explorer. Rancho San Francisco de Costa Rica: Spanish (elements transposed on map through error). Rancho Santa Ana: Spanish. Rancho Libertad: Spanish (now abandoned). Rio Sonora: Spanish. Rio Bacuache. THE OLYMPIC COUNTRY BY THE LATE S. C. GILMAN, C. E. [The following valuable article is based largely on the explorations of the writer in the comparatively unknown region he describes. A melancholy interest attaches to it, Mr Gilman having been suddenly cut off, at the early age of thirty-six and in the midst of an increasingly useful and promising career, only a few days after the trans mission of the article for publication and before he could be made aware of its ac ceptance.] The Olympic peninsula, in northwestern Washington, forms the extreme northwest corner of the United States proper. It lies west of Puget sound, Admiralty inlet, and Hood's canal, commonly spoken of collectively as Puget sound, and extends over 90 miles along the south side of the straits of Juan de Fuca. Its west coast borders for 100 miles on the Pacific ocean, while Gray's harbor and the Chehalis river furnish deep-water naviga tion 'for 30 miles along its southern border, leaving only a neck of 25 miles in width connecting its southeastern part with the mainland.