National Geographic : 1896 May
AFRICA SINCE 1888 the commander, showed on this, as on prior occasions, great mili tary ability, and by his quick movements put down the incipient rebellion at Johannesburg, and defeated and captured the En glish forces. All South Africa would have rejoiced in the suc cess of Dr Jameson, and England would have accepted the situation. Germany might have objected, though we cannot see what right she would have had, for the Transvaal is hundreds of miles from her possessions, and the new doctrine of" Sphere of Influence" could not have applied. The Boers have shown great forbearance, wisdom, and good judgment in this emergency. In time of peace armed men in vaded their country to overthrow the government. They could justly have been hanged, but, at the request of the British govern ment, the president surrendered Dr Jameson and his men for trial according to the laws of Great Britain. We doubt if it would be easy to find in all history an instance of like forbear ance and mercy. It should, however, be remembered that the fathers of the present Boers either drove the natives from the Transvaal or reduced them to slavery, the higher civilization driving out the lower. This country, with its delightful climate, fertile soil, forests of valuable timber, mines of precious metals, and large deposits of coal, will continue to draw large numbers of emigrants from England. Further disturbance is therefore sure to arise unless the Boers give the Uitlanders the civil rights they claim, and these once secured, it is inevitable that the British flag will float over the Transvaal. Other gold veins are worked in various places on the territory of the chartered company. Buluwayo, in November, 1893, the chief kraal of Lobengula, has now a population of 4,000, and is the center of one of the gold fields. None of these fields has thus far proved profitable, but there is every reason to believe that gold will be found in great abundance. There are political movements which politicians do not initiate; revolutions accomplished without statesmen or captains. In these we look in vain for a master-mind, acting either alone or with others. Not the least significant are the changes effected by the discovery of gold. The middle of the century witnessed a wonderful development in the United States and Australia; its close promises to witness an even greater revolution in South Africa.