National Geographic : 1896 Aug
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES lieves that it will eventually be made accessible by railway and occupied by a large white population. EUROPE GERMANY. During May 1,360 ships, aggregating 139,787 tons, passed through the Baltic canal, the tolls amounting to 78,206 marks. Both the traffic and the receipts continue to fall far short of original expectations. SWITZERLAND. The foreign trade of Switzerland in 1895 showed a con siderable increase upon that of the preceding year, the imports increasing from $165,000,000 to $183,000,000 and the exports from $124,000,000 to $132,500,000, in round numbers. The exports to the United States showed a large increase. RUSSIA. The annual fair at Nijni Novgorod has been opened this year at an earlier date than usual, in order to secure visits from the foreigners who attended the czar's coronation at Moscow. The exhibition covers over 200 acres, and while still possessing those unique features which have made this great Russian fair so famous, it is this year demonstrating in a most striking manner the enormous strides the various mechanical industries are making in the Russian empire. UNITED KINGDOM. During the year ending July 1, 1896, 23,695 vessels paid harbor dues at the port of Liverpool. While the number was 248 fewer than in the preceding year, the aggregate tonnage (11,046,459) showed an increase of 269,313. The total output of coal in the United Kingdom in 1895 has just been officially announced as 189,661,362 tons, which exceeds by 1,383,837 tons the output of 1894, the highest previous record. .The total recorded out put of minerals was 201,738,351 tons, an increase of 2,287,000 tons over the previous year. The number of mines worked was 3,512 and the number of persons employed therein 700,284. The number of quarries worked was 8,062, the product, mostly stone, amounting to 29,813,734 tons. The number of employes in this branch of industry was 104,625, and the total number of persons employed in the entire mineral industry 838,282. ASIA CHINA. Russia is stated by the St. Petersburg Novosti to have obtained absolute freedom of trade in northern China. TONKIN. Official notice is given that the English commissioner has handed over to the French authorities the district of Mongsin with the dependent territories as being on the left bank of the Mekong. BURMA. A preliminary survey has been made for a railway from the Mu valley line to the Chindwin river, a distance of 70 miles. The route presents no serious engineering difficulties and the country to be traversed is densely populated. AFGHANISTAN. The Amir has issued orders that none of his subjects shall be allowed to keep Kafirs as slaves, and strictly forbidding all slave dealing. The Kafirs, moreover, are not to be compelled to become Mo hammedans against their will.