National Geographic : 1896 Sep
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES and M. Sporck, who left Zanzibar on July 6, 1895, crossed the Nile on January 19 following, and arrived on the west coast by the first week in August, having crossed the continent in the brief space of 13 months. KONGO FREE STATE. The Kongo State railway has now reached Tumba, 187 kilometers from the starting point. MoRocco. Neither roads, canals, navigable rivers, nor railways exist in Morocco, nor are they thought of. Foot couriers constitute the fastest medium of communication. ORANGE FREE STATE. Dr Emil Holub, the well-known explorer, now of Vienna, has received advices of the discovery of gold fields in the Orange Free State which it is anticipated will rival those of the Transvaal in productiveness. MADAGASCAR. While there is no longer any open resistance to French rule, Madagascar is in a condition of anarchy from one end to the other, and only the towns occupied by troops are safe for Europeans. ZANZIBAR. In a recent report of the British consul at Zanzibar atten tion is called to the decline in the imports from Great Britain. Un bleached cotton cloth is imported mainly from the United States, being admittedly of better quality than Manchester productions of the same price. TRANSVAAL. The first count of a census of population within a radius of three miles of Johannesburg gives a total of 102,714, consisting of 51,225 whites, 44,396 kaffirs, and 7,093 half-breeds. Of the whites, 32,741 are males and 18,484 females. EGYPT. An electric street railway has been opened in Cairo. The number of pieces of mail matter dealt with by the Egyptian post office in 1895 was 22,446,000, against 21,070,000 in 1894. The annual overflow of-the Nile is two weeks late and great anxiety is expressed with regard to the maize and rice crops. At Kosheh, where a contingent of the Anglo-Egyptian army is await ing the advent of cooler weather before continuing its advance into the interior, the mercury recently stood at 1300 in the shade. MAURITIUS. In a recent lecture on " Mauritius, Past and Present," Sir Hubert Jerningham, the governor of the island, stated that if English was the official and commercial language, French remained the language of the home, and if gratitude for the numerous benefits bestowed by England upon the community assured attachment to that country, the heart of the old colonists still beats in their descendants. AUSTRALASIA The annual financial statements of the different Australasian govern ments nearly all show increased revenues and substantial surpluses. NEW SOUTH \ALS. It is proposed by the colonial government that a great Australasian exposition shall be held at Sydney in 1899, the ex hibits to be afterward sent to Paris. TASMANIA. The yield of gold during the June quarter amounted to 17,000 ounces, being an increase of 10,000 ounces as compared with the corresponding period of last year.