National Geographic : 1896 Oct
CALIFORNIA be not less than 35 degrees at midsummer. On the inland side of the Coast range, as in the Santa Clara valley, for instance, the heat of the summer is greater by several degrees than on the ocean side. The ocean, the Coast range, the great interior val leys, and the vast Sierra will account for many of these varia tions of climate. A well-known author has written a book about "Our Italy " in southern California. Where there are all the climates of Italy and Spain, the resident only encounters the perplexity of choice. There are also the same variations of moisture, ranging for a year from 8 inches of rainfall up to 60 inches, according to the geographical situation which one may choose, and these extremes within the limit of 200 miles. And better than mountain and valley, and all that goes to make a picturesque state, is that system of public education which is giving instruction to more than two hundred thousand youth, and is crowned by two great universities with doors freely opened to every youth who is qualified to enter. California was admitted to the Union after a long and eventful struggle. Her constitution, framed by men from the North and the South, dedi cated the land to freedom. The pioneers had staked their all for law and order as the very corner-stone of an enduring state. Isolated by nearly two thousand miles from the great family of states, the very Stars and Stripes that waved over them gave them a passionate longing for recognition. When the news of admission came, a tumultuous shout went up to the heavens amid jubilant songs and tears. The pioneers who embraced that day knew no country but the Union; nor have they known any other since that day. For forty-five years they have cele brated the anniversary of admission, accentuating it as no other state has done. They have stamped it as a legal holiday-the one day of jubilee wherein love of a particular state takes the higher interpretation of love for the Union. A generation born on the soil rejoices in the designation of " Native Sons " as the richest birthright and heritage that any land can give. This is California, the Keystone state in the great Empire that is looming up on the Pacific.