National Geographic : 1897 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES ELECTIONs.- New members have been elected as follows: February 26.-Miss H. J . Baird-Huey, Judge George S. Batcheller, Mrs Diaz-Albertini, Alex. Everett Frye, George B. Hollister, Mark S. W . Jefferson, Albert M. Lewers, Robert H. Paxson, Mrs Altha Gibbs Powell, Miss Mattie Scott, Mrs George Westinghouse, Rev. R. P. Williams. DEATHS.-The Society has recently lost by death the following-named members: Mr J. M. Cunningham, of San Francisco ; Mr Joseph Macfarland, of the U. S. Geological Survey; Hon. J . Randolph Tucker, of Lexington, Va.; General Alfred Pleasanton, U. S. A.; Mr Lewis Clephane, of Washington, D. C., and Mr L. P. Smith, of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. GEOGRAPHIC NOTES CENTRAL AMERICA NICARAGUA. Concessions have been granted to United States citizens for a street railway to be operated by steam between the town of Blue fields and the Bluefields custom-house, situated at the mouth of the har bor, and also for a railway between Rama and San Ubaldo. The United States consul, however, makes the significant statement that "so little has ever been done in Nicaragua under any government concessions, big or little, that it seems a waste of time to enter into the details of any concession without positive proof that it is to be pushed." A contract has been let for the construction of a canal to connect Pearl and Bluefields lagoons, which will afford an inside channel with a depth of 4.5 feet for a distance of 55 miles north of Bluefields. EUROPE RUSSIA. On September 13 the total length of railways in operation in Russia was 36,861 versts, or about 24,400 miles. Of these lines, 21,158 versts were operated by the government. The development of the mineral and manufacturing industries of Russia is progressing with astonishing rapidity. The production of coal has trebled in the last 15 years and the progress in the textile industries is marvelous. The empire, however, is still largely dependent upon other countries for its machinery and upon foreigners for the more responsible positions in its factories and ironworks. There has been an enormous increase in the shipping industry of the Caspian sea, owing to the development of the oil wells of Baku, one of which recently discharged 300,000 tons of oil, valued at $750,000, within a period of two months. Several of the Russian railways and most of the steamship companies on the Volga, as well as the manufacturing centers along that great waterway, are using oil for fuel. ASIA SIBERIA. By consent of the Russian authorities the peninsula discov ered by Dr Nansen is to be named for King Oscar of Sweden.