National Geographic : 1897 Oct
UNITED STATES DAILY ATMOSPHERIC SURVEY 303 distribution of these forces on two levels, it is hoped to better understand the development of storms and cold waves and event ually improve the forecasts of their future course, extent, and rate of movement. In exceptional cases we have flown the kites to a height of nearly two miles. From daily readings at only one kite station, at Washington, we have derived information as to the direction and force of the wind above the one-mile level, which has greatly assisted us in estimating the future direction of a storm center when our surface chart gave but negative indications. It will be a fascinating study to note the progress of cold waves at this high level and to determine if the changes in temperature do not first begin above. The readings at Washington indicate that contend ing equatorial and polar winds may be more potent in the forma tion of storm eddies than heated and ascending convectional currents. I am anxious to know the difference in temperature between the surface and the upper stratum in the four quadrants of the cyclone and in the four quadrants of the anti-cyclone, especially when the storm and cold-wave conditions are intense. At an elevation of five miles but little effect remains of diurnal tem perature variation. At this altitude the atmosphere is free from the disturbing influence of immediate surface radiation, and con sequently there is but little change between the temperature of midday and midnight. The vertical distribution of temperature in the several quadrants of the cold-wave or rainstorm areas may give a clue to the future direction of the storm. When we are able to construct isobaric gradients at the one-mile level it may be discovered that the storm center at that elevation will not always coincide with the geographical location of the storm center at the surface of the earth. The displacement of this center may possibly give some indication of the future direction of the storm. There are many interesting problems to be solved by this investigation. The Eleventh International Congress of Orientalists was opened at Paris on September 5, with 800 members in attendance. One of the most interesting discussions had reference to the proposed dictionary of hiero glyphics, which is to be compiled under the auspices of the German government by members of the academies of Berlin, Gottingen, Leipzig, and Munich. It is expected that the actual publication will begin in 1908 and be completed by the end of 1913.