National Geographic : 1897 Dec
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES GERMANY. The annual production of lumber in Germany is estimated at 8,300,000 tons. The imports have risen from 2,800,000 tons in 1891 to 3,200,000 tons in 1896, but according to Mr T. E . Moore, United States commercial agent at Weimar. there is not the slightest disposition to relax the stringent forest regulations which have so long been in force. Mr Moore adds that at the rate at which the devastation of forests is now going on in Russia, Sweden, and Galicia, those countries will soon have the same experience as Spain, which has been deprived of a part of her natural riches by the shortsighted policy of past generations. ASIA KOREA. Korea is becoming to a large extent the rice granary of Japan and Japanese manufactures are driving the products of other countries out of the Korean market simply by virtue of their cheapness. HONG-KONG. The total tonnage entering and leaving the port of Hong-Kong in 1896 amounted to 164 millions. Of this about 7} millions represented the tonnage of junks and river steamers, leaving about nine million tons engaged in foreign trade, of which more than one-half was British. SIBERIA. Railway communication has now been established between Khabarovka and Vladivostok, and the line will be opened for traffic at an early date. The Russian government has purchased ten tons of choice seed grain from the Canadian experiment stations for distribution among the Siberian farmers. NORTH AMERICA CANADA. The mineral output of British Columbia in 1896 amounted to $7,146,425, as compared with a total of $2,668,608 in 1890. MEXIco. The Mexican government has officially promulgated a con cession for a railroad from Chihuahua to the Pacific coast. The length of the line will be 372.8 miles, and to aid in its construction the govern ment agrees to pay the promoters a subsidy of $4,600,000. It has also granted a concession, without subsidy, for the construction of a railroad from Presidio del Norte, on the Rio Grande, state of Chihuahua, west, via Chihuahua city, to a point on the Pacific coast in the state of Sinaloa. U. S . Consul R. M. Burke states that the mineral wealth of the region through which these roads must pass is beyond calculation. AUSTRALASIA The Australasian gold yield during 1896 amounted to 2,375,948 ounces, an increase of 16,704 ounces on the preceding year. The forests of the colony of Western Australia cover an estimated area of 20,400,000 acres and contain marketable timber to the value of £124,000,000. Queensland has at last agreed to join in the Australasian federation movement, and the Federal Convention has adjourned until January, 1898, when Queensland will be represented.