National Geographic : 1898 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC WORK BY THE mometers.* The barometer had been especially prepared and was supposed to be in the very best condition. These observa tions were carefully computed by Professor E. H. McAllister, of the University of Oregon, in connection with synchronous baro metric readings at Seattle, Portland, Fort Canby, and Walla Walla, these points occupying positions approximately north, south, west, and east of Rainier. The result was 14,528 feet above sea-level. Major E. S. Ingraham, of Seattle, had previ ously determined and published the altitude of Rainier, as a re sult of readings of mercurial barometers, as 14,524 feet. In 1895 Mr S. S. Gannett, of the U. S. Geological Survey, de termined the height by angulation, in connection with triangu lation in the Cascades, to be 14,532 feet.t In 1896 Mr G. E. Hyde, also of the U. S. Geological Survey, while making a topo graphic map of the country to the northeast of Rainier, secured about forty angles of elevation to the highest point of the moun tain from various points, the distances averaging about 25 miles, the mean of all these results being 14,519 feet. RECAPITULATION : Feet. Barometric determination, McClure and McAllister............. 14,528 Barometric determination, Ingraham. ........................ 14,524 Angulation determination, U. S. Geological Survey, Gannett..... 14,532 Angulation determination, U. S. Geological Survey, Hyde........ 14,519 Mean................ 14,526 In addition to the above, the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey determined the height of Rainier by angulation to be 14,440, but the distances used were so great that the result was considered merely approximate. GEOGRAPHIC WORK BY THE BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY The germ of the Bureau of American Ethnology was an ex ploration of the canyons of Colorado river, begun in 1867 by Major J. W. Powell. At first an amateur exploration, the work was gradually refined into a survey fostered and afterward sup *In descending the mountain Professor McClure lost his life by falling over a prec ipice on July 27. tNAT. GEOG. MAc., vol. vii, p. 150, April, 1896. 4 Extract from one of the replies (signed by W J McGee, Ethnologist in Charge, Bu reau of American Ethnology) to letters of inquiry for information to be incorporated in a paper on geographic research in the United States for presentation before the British Association for the Advancement of Science at the Toronto meeting.