National Geographic : 1898 Mar
THE ORIGIN OF FRENCH-CANADIANS after leaving it. Sailing from New York by the Lucania Sep tember 4, the party broke up in London September 11, the Prince in good time to take part in some yacht races for which he had promised to reach England by the middle of September-the most modest and unassuming as the most intrepid and successful of all the explorers who have essayed Mt St Elias. E.R.S. THE ORIGIN OF FRENCH-CANADIANS* Acadia was peopled without any kind of organization between 1636 and 1670. No one has yet satisfactorily demonstrated where the French of that colony came from, though their dia lect would indicate their place of origin to be near the mouth of the river Loire. They were distinct from the French-Canadians in some particulars, and not allied by marriage with the settlers of the St Lawrence. ,It is ascertained from Champlain's writings that no "habitant" tilled the soil of Canada during the first quarter of the seventeenth century. From an examination of family and other archives, involving over thirty years' labor, the following conclusions are arrived at: Perche, Normandy, Beauce, Picardy, and Anjou contributed about 200 families from 1633 to 1663, the period of the Hundred Partners' regime. By natural growth these reached the figure of 2,200 souls in 1663. In 1662-1663 there came about 100 men from Perche and 150 from Poitou, Rochelle, and Gascony, with a small number of women. This opens a new phase in the his tory of our immigration by introducing Poitou and Rochelle among the people of the northern and western provinces of France, already counting two generations in the three districts of Quebec, Three Rivers, and Montreal. After 1665 the city of Paris, or rather the small territory en circling it, contributed a good share. No part of the south or east of France had any connection with Canada at any time. Normandy, Perche, Maine, Anjou, Touraine, Poitou, Saint Onge, Angoumois, Guienne, and Gascony-on a straight line from north to south-furnished the whole of the families now com posing the French-Canadian people. From 1667 to 1672 a committee was active in Paris, Rouen, Rochelle, and Quebec to recruit men, women, and young girls for *Abstract of paper, by B. Sulte, read before the Anthropological Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, at the Toronto meeting.