National Geographic : 1898 Jun
THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS bay by two piers, which terminate the one in a small fort and the other in a light-house. During the stormy weather of the southwest monsoon this anchorage off the city is not considered very safe, but there is good shelter for ships at Cavite, which lies about eight miles southwest of Manila in a direct line by water or fourteen by land. Here the Spaniards have a naval estab lishment, with a marine railroad capable of taking from the water vessels of 2,000 tons displacement; a dock for gunboats and small vessels, and shops containing machinery and appli ances for repairs; also an arsenal and hospital. CHART OF MANILA BAY Iloilo, the second port in importance, is on the island of Panay, near its southeastern extremity, distant about 250 miles in a di rect line from Manila. The approach to the harbor is by a channel between a sand bank and the island of Guimaras, which lies about two and a half miles from the shore. The anchorage for large vessels, which is well protected and naturally good, is outside the mouth of the Iloilo river, but small vessels enter it and discharge their cargoes at the wharves of the town which faces both on the sea and on a bend of the river.