National Geographic : 1898 Jul
GEOGRAPHIC WORK OF GENERAL GOVERNMENT 333 two dollars per hundred. Other maps are sold at different prices, depending upon their size. The annual reports are free to appli cants. The monographs and bulletins are, under the law, sold at certain stated prices. SMITISONIAN INSTITUTION AND ITS DEPENDENCIES The Smithsonian Institution was created in 1846, under the provisions of a bequest by James Smithson, and has since been maintained by use of the interest on the sum originally be queathed and the various additions made subsequently. Ac cordingly the work of the Institution is not conducted under the auspices of the government, though the fund is administered by a regency appointed by the government, and different lines of scientific work undertaken by the government have been from time to time conducted under the direction of the Institution. During its earlier years the Smithsonian Institution gave much attention to the encouragement of geographic work and began a series of meteorologic observations now continued in the Weather Bureau. It also promoted geologic work and aided in the establishment of the Federal Geological Surveys. Throughout it has been the policy of the Institution to initiate lines of scientific work of public importance, to maintain them until their importance came to be recognized, and then to trans fer them to the general government. In carrying out this policy the Institution has contributed in large measure to the develop ment of the scientific institutions of the National Capital. There are now three federal bureaus connected with the Smithsonian Institution, but maintained by federal appropri ations, viz., the United States National Museum, the National Zoological Park, and the Bureau of American Ethnology. The National Museum issues an annual report and other publica tions relating to its work and the collections made and displayed, while the superintendent of the Zoological Park issues an annual report in connection with that of the Institution. No surveys or extensive field researches are made by these bureaus. The Bureau of American Ethnology is engaged in researches relating to the American Indians, its operations extending over the United States and other American territory, and the distri bution of the aborigines being mapped from time to time. It issues annual reports, which are well illustrated and commonly accompanied by maps; these are distributed chiefly by Congress.