National Geographic : 1898 Dec
PRESIDENT BELL ON JAPAN dria.* Mean spring range at Alexandria is but 3 feet. So a " storm rise" of four feet on the open coast was 8 feet at Hell Gate.t During the gauging of East river "a moderate northeast wind " heaped up the western end of Long Island sound nearly a half foot above the harbor on one occasion. It is just as easy for "weather" to add 20 feet to the tidal rise in the Basin of Minas as 5 feet at Lynn, Mass. (Jan. 23, 1898), where spring range is but 11 feet. A bore apparently exists in both Chignecto bay and the Minas basin, where it has been described as coming in in two lines. To judge from photographs, the bore is but a few feet high. Details about it are not given. A well-established feature of these tides is the extraordinary amounts of sediment deposited at the estuary heads. In a hol low iron cylinder at Windsor, Murphy t measured 30 inches of fine sand and mud deposited from the tides in 122 days, being uncovered at low water. W. L. Goodwin 1 states that thousands of acres of bogland have thus been built up by the tide in West moreland county, N. B. A lake 15 feet deep in 1867 was kept in communication with the bay by a canal that the tides might have free access. In 1892 it was quite filled and yielding hay. In Sackville county 3,000 acres have been reclaimed. Mr Good win seems to refer the origin of the mud in the water to the wearing of the rushing tides on the soft shales. Dr R. T. Jack son states that this is very marked at Joggins, N. S. The steepening of the wave-front is inconsiderable and an ad vance of high water as a progressive wave hardly exists where our observations are distributed. PRESIDENT ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL ON JAPAN The President of the National Geographic Society, Dr Alex ander Graham Bell, is now in Japan, where he has been received with distinguished honors. On October 22 he was presented to the Emperor in special audience, and on October 29 to the Em press by special command. On November 6 he was entertained at dinner at the Imperial hotel, Tokyo, by the International Journalists' Association, as a tribute equally to his illustrious * U. S . Coast Surv. Ann. Rep., 1878, p. 24 . f U. S . Coast Surv. Ann. Rep., 1886, p. 431. t Nova Scotian Institute, vol. vii, p. 51. Can. Record of Science, 1897, p. 304.