National Geographic : 1899 Jun
PROPOSED METEOROLOGICAL STATION IN ICELAND The Meteorological Institute of Copenhagen is seeking to establish a station in Iceland whence daily weather reports can be cabled to Europe. The Grande Compagnie des Telegraphes du Nord has generously offered to lay the cable to Iceland and the necessary overland lines and to operate them free of charge, if guaranteed merely the annual expenses of operat ing the line and 4 per cent interest on the capital invested, with its liqui dation at the end of 28 years. The cost of laying the cable and overland lines, as estimated by the Danish government, is $600,000. Allowing 4 per cent interest on the capital and 28 years for its liquidation, the lines would require about $36,000 annually for 28 years. To this must be added the cost of maintenance, estimated at $32,000, making about $68,000 to be paid each year. The company will build and maintain the line if guar anteed this amount for 20 years, after which time it offers its free use. The Danish government has promised $19,000, or nearly one-third the total amount required; also, it has undertaken to carry out the necessary hydrographic work in connection with the laying of the cable and to es tablish and maintain the necessary meteorological stations in the Faroe islands and Iceland. There thus remains an annual sum of $49,000 to be guaranteed before the plan can be put into execution, and in order to make up the amount the Meteorological Institute of Copenhagen has invited the different weather bureaus in Europe and America each to contribute a share. As Iceland is in the direct path of the majority of the storms which ravage the coasts of northern Europe, the great advantage of weather forecasts from that region for the northern countries of Europe is most apparent. By an annual expenditure of $1,000,000 the United States, through its weather forecasts, saves its shipping interests at least $20,000,000 annually, and the improved meteorological information con sequent upon the establishment of a station in Iceland would undoubtedly bring a like proportionate return to Europe. The U. S. Weather Bureau, while realizing the importance of such a station, believes that the expense should devolve upon the countries immediately interested, as France, Germany, Russia, etc. Hence it has decided that it can with more pro priety and profit to Europe spend its money in seeking more extended telegraphic facilities toward the north and west, covering Bering sea and Alaska, especially as for many years past it has sent daily and free of cost to Prof. Mascart, at Paris, an international cablegram, giving a synopsis of the general distribution of pressure and storms over the United States and the neighboring portions of the Atlantic. FoR the map of the Theater of Military Operations in Luzon, which accompanies the present number, THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE is indebted to Major Simpson, Chief of the Military Information Division, War Department, under whose direction it was prepared. It is the first official map of Manila and vicinity published by the U. S. Government.