National Geographic : 1899 Jun
THE CAROLINE ISLANDS the party who will direct special lines of investigation include Henry Gannett, Chief Geographer of the U. S. Geological Survey; Dr Wm. H. Dall, U. S. National Museum; Chas. A. Keeler, Director of Museum of California Academy of Sciences; Prof. B. E. Fernow, Cornell University; D. G. Elliot, Field Columbian Museum, Chicago; Prof. Wm. H. Brewer and Prof. W. R. Coe, Yale University; Robert Ridgway, Curator of Birds, National Museum, and John Muir, the authority on glaciers. Edward S. Curtis, of Seattle, the photographer of several expeditions to Alaska; Louis A. Fuertes and R. Swain Gifford, artists; W. D. Devereux, of Glenwood Springs, Colorado, mining engineer; John Burroughs, the popular writer on birds; Dr Lewis R. Morris, physician and sportsman; Dr George Bird Grinnell, editor of Forest and Stream, and Capt. Luther S. Kelly, the well known scout, also accompany Mr Harriman. G.H.G. THE CAROLINE ISLANDS In the April number of The Scottish Geographical Magazine Mr F. W. Christian gives a valuable and timely description of the Caroline islands. Their total population is about 50,000, a combination of the Black, Brown, and Yellow races, and is scattered over a chain of islands extending for some 1,000 miles east and west. The massive ruins existing on Yap and Ponape indicate that the islanders formerly possessed a high degree of civilization. On Yap, toward the west end of the group, there are embankments and terraces, solid roads neatly paved with regular stone blocks, ancient stone platforms and graves, and enormous council lodges of quaint design, with high gables and lofty, carved pillars. On Ponape, at the east end of the group, are still more remarkable remains of a former civilization. Here are dis tinctly seen the ruins of an island city, a Micronesian Venice. The ruins consist of sixty walled islets of rectangular form, built up in the waters of a shallow lagoon, while an immense, double breakwater, three miles in length, shuts out the deep waters of the outer lagoon. The walls, islets, and great break water are built of massive blocks of black basalt, upon which no marks of iron tools are to be found.