National Geographic : 1899 Aug
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY etc., of the northern lights. Similar researches will be conducted by the Swede-Russian expedition in Spitzbergen and northern Norway. THE Diana, under the command of Mr H. L. Bridgeman, of the Stand ard Union and Secretary of the Peary Arctic Club, sailed from Sidney July 20 on the second of the series of annual reinforcements for Lieuten ant Peary. As announced in the July number of THII NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC MAGAZINE, the vessel carries stores of provisions for her own party, for Peary's, and for the Windward's, enough for 50 men for one year. IN an article on the Erie and Welland Canals, Bradstreet's of July 15 says that the phenomenal lowering of railway transportation rates in recent years has tended toward the crippling of all but the most favorably situated of the interior water routes, and adds that it is questionable whether the purely artificial waterways can be so improved as to get back a fair share of the immense traffic which formerly sought these channels on the way to market. DR F. A . Cook, the surgeon and anthropologist of the Belgica, in a paper appearing in the New York Herald (July 2,1899), gives the following summary of the results of the Belgian expedition: "The discovery of a new strait nearly as large as the Straits of Magellan ; the discovery of about five hundred miles of new coast; the discovery of a submarine plateau west of Graham Land; a complete series of meteorological and magnetic observations throughout one year." The strait, to be called Belgica strait, is said to begin about five hundred miles southwest of Cape Horn, on the sixty-fourth degree of south latitude, and between the sixty-first and sixty-second degrees of west longitude. Its general direction is south westerly, with an average width of twenty-five miles and a length of two hundred miles. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY, SESSION 1898-'99 Special Meeting, February 3, 1899. -President Bell in the chair. Prof. Alfred P. Dennis gave an illustrated lecture on Life on a Yukon Trail. Regular Meeting, February10, 1899. - PresidentBell in the chair. Major A. Falkner von Sonnenberg, of the German Imperial Army, gave an illustrated lecture on Manila and the Philippines. Special Meeting, February17, 1899. - PresidentBell in the chair. Prof. John L. Ewell, of Howard University, gave an illustrated lecture on Ger many in the Reformation Period, with its Geographic Relations. Lenten Course, February 21, 1899.- President Bell in the chair. Hon. David J. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, gave an illustrated lecture on The Original Thirteen States. Regular Meeting, February24, 1899. -President Bell in the chair. Prof. H. S . Pritchett, Superintendent of the U. S . Coast and Geodetic Survey, gave an illustrated lecture on The Results of Recent Alaskan Surveys.