National Geographic : 1899 Sep
THRO UGH FRANZ JOSEF LA D islands we photographed three islands and some large land, unseen either by Paver or Nansen. We also found that Payer's so-called Dove Glacier does not exist. I still believe it is possible to reach the Pole by Franz Josef Land, but I cannot say if I shall make another effort." Afte rMr Vellman's return to the I Iarlmsworth House, on April 9, Lieu tenant Baldwin and four Norwegians went out to Wilczek Land, chart ing the unexplored east coast and discovering a new ice-covered island, extending to 64 degrees east, almost as large as Wilczek Land. They named it Graham-Bell Land in honor of the President of the National Geographic Society. THROUGH FRANZ JOSEF LAND The Duke of the Abruzzi, whose departure from Christiania on the Stella Polare has been announced, reached Archangel in July, where he was ac corded a magnificent reception by the Russian garrison. Unlike Nansen, who sought to approach the Pole as near as possible upon his ship, either by sailing through an open sea or by drifting when bound in the ice, the Duke of the Abruzzi will watch for a favorable moment to gain a creek or port suitable for wintering and for serving as a base. The intention of the prince is to advance across Franz Josef Land and from his base, at intervals of two or three days' march, to establish a series of depots or caches of provisions extending toward the Pole. Le Tour du Monde con tains the following interesting account of his plans and equipment : " The baggage of the expedition has been distributed among 1,500 boxes, each weighing about 55 pounds, and thus in case of need easily portable upon a man's back. The boxes are divided into four classes: provisions; clothing and equipment; tools and scientific instruments; and, lastly, articles that are useful but not indispensable. Each class has its own special color and each box is numbered according to the class and the nature of its contents. The provisions-rice, sea biscuit, preserved or salted beef, etc.- have been so divided that each box contains five differ ent kinds of food, in order that the fare may in no extremity be re duced to one article of food. Each chest is lined on the inside witl tin and soldered to keep out water and dampness. The boxes con taining the clothes are of a bright green, those containing the scientific apparatus red, while the boxes containing the useful but not indispen sable articles are yellow. Among the latter are playing-cards, dominoes, a guitar, a graphophone, a phonograph, and an reolian with a generous and varied repertory, including CavalleriaRosticana, Lohengrin, TJanlhom ser, Don Juan, and dance music. The party expect to return in eighteen months. Of the total expenses, estimated at about $575,000, the King of Italy has contributed one-fourth." The main purpose of the Duke of the Abruzzi is the thorough exploration of Franz Josef Land. If the conditions are favorable, however, he hopes to reach a point further north than any previous explorer, and perhaps gain the Pole itself. The Capellareports meeting the Stella 'olare August 9, headed for northwestern Franz Josef Land.