National Geographic : 1899 Oct
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA IN The Scottish Geographical Magazine for September Francis H. Skrine presents a strong article, " From London to Karachi (India) in a Week," urging the construction of a branch connecting the English railway sys tem in India with the Russian system in Turkestan. At present the British line ends at Chaman, on the southern border of Afghanistan, only 430 miles distant from the terminus of an offshoot from the main Russian line through Afghanistan. Mr Skrine asserts that the connect ing link, including the necessary rolling stock, can be constructed for $15,000,000, as the route presents no great engineering difficulties. In the same issue of the magazine Alexander Begg describes " Vancouver Island, I. C. ;" R. Blake White publishes some " Brief Notes on the Glacial Phenomena of Columbia (S. A.)," and A. D. Milne contributes a few " Notes from the Equatorial Province." MAJOR Ronald Ross, the leader of the expedition sent to Sierra Leone by the Liverpool School of Tropical Diseases to investigate the possibility of exterminating the malaria-bearing mosquito, has sent to Liverpool the following cablegram: " Malarial mosquito found. Ask government to send at once men." Nature states: "Major Ross' observations in India indicated that the malaria parasite is borne by the spotted-winged mos quitoes, and not by the common brindled or gray mosquitoes; and his message announces that he has found that malaria on the west coast of Africa is produced under the same conditions as in India. There is evi dence that the malaria-bearing species only breeds in small isolated col lections of water which can be easily dissipated, but the expedition has not yet had time to verify this point." In response to the request of Major Ross asking that workers should be sent out to join him at Sierra Leone, the school has dispatched, as an assistant to him, Dr R. Fielding Ould, of the Liverpool School of Pathology, who has had special experi ence in private bacteriological research. A PRELIMINARY prospectus has been issued of the "Physical Atlas," in course of preparation by J. G. Bartholomew, F. R. S. E., F. R. G. S., under the patronage of the Royal Geographical Society. The Atlas, com prising seven volumes, consists of a series of maps illustrating the natural phenomena of the earth, being based to some extent upon the Berghaus Atlas, but comprehending much new and original material. Explana tory text accompanies the maps, and for each section of the work there is also a general introductory article, a critical bibliography, and an index. The work, which has been in progress for over ten years and is now ap proaching completion, is revised and edited by: Sir Archibald Geikie, geology; Sir John Murray, oceanography; James Geikie, orography; Alexander Buchan, meteorology, and a number of other distinguished scientists. The publishers, Messrs Archibald Constable & Co., of Lon don, claim apparently with justice that the atlas is the most comprehen sive publication of its kind ever attempted. The cost of production alone will, it is estimated, exceed $100,000. The meteorology section, with over 400 maps, will be issued during the autumn of 1899, the zoology, ethnog raphy and demography, geology, botany, and other sections following in rapid succession. The price of each volume or section is $13.