National Geographic : 1899 Oct
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA THE British Association for the Advancement of Science has granted $5,000 toward the expenses of the English Antarctic expedition of 1901. THERE passed through the American and Canadian ship canals at Sault Ste Marie during July 4,024,789 tons of freight, or 778,000 tons more than in the corresponding month last year. THE medical expedition sent to the Philippines in early spring by the Johns Hopkins University for the purpose of studying the characteristics of tropical diseases in those islands left Manila some weeks since and will probably reach Baltimore early in October. "GUARDING the Highways of the Sea," contributed by Theodore Waters to McClure's Magazine for September, is very readable and from a popular point of view is an excellent description of the work and records of the Hydrographic Office of the Navy Department. THE Railroad Gazette estimates the railroad building in the United States during the six months ending June 30 as aggregating 1,181 miles. The longest line completed by any one company was 64 miles, and the five leading lines aggregated only 244 miles, or an average of less than 50 miles each. THE magnetic survey of Maryland has now been practically completed, the distribution of the stations being such that on the average there is one station for every 100 square miles. The expenses of the work, with the exception of this year, have been entirely borne by the Maryland Geological Survey. THE excursion of geologists last summer to the fossil fields of Wyom ing, under the patronage of the Union Pacific Company, will add some rare specimens to the collections of different universities' throughout the country. It is believed that several fossils of a new species have been ob tained. Though the excursion was originally planned for 30 days, many of the geologists are still at work in the field. A TELEGRAM from Tacoma, Washington, announces the return of A. J . Stone, corresponding member of the Zoilogical and Ethnological Museum of Natural History and New York Zoological Society, who for the past two years has been traveling about the Arctic circle studying the geograph ical distribution of animals in that section. It is reported that during five months of travel last winter he covered 3,000 miles of Arctic coast and mountain entirely above the Arctic circle. REPORTS from Alaska via Seattle, Washington, describe two distinct earthquakes felt from Lynn canal to the Aleutian archipelago. The first on Sunday, September 3, did but little damage, but it was followed by a very severe shock on September 10. Several islands are said to have settled from 20 to 25 feet. A report received by the U. S . Coast and Geo detic Survey shows that an earthquake was also felt in Prince William sound on September 3, but that no damage was done at this point.