National Geographic : 1970 Jan
History With Geography San Salvador, believed to be the isle where Columbus first waded ashore in 1492. Close by appear symbols of today's great era of exploration-tiny red parachutes marking splashdown points of Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo astronauts who scouted the way through space for man's first landing on another world. The symbol for ruins-three dots stacked pyramid-style-speckles the Yucatan Penin sula and Guatemala, where archeologists slowly expose a Maya empire swallowed by jungle for centuries. The map pinpoints his toric cataclysms: Jamaica's Port Royal, where a 17th-century earthquake slid a city into the sea; Mont Pelee, on Martinique, whose erup- KODACHROME BY GORDONGAHAN tion in 1902 killed all but one man in a city Greenstone burial mask, more than 2,000 of 30,000. old, was unearthed at Monte Alto, Guater Along the great arc of the old Spanish Main last year by a National Geographic Soc and the island necklace of the West Indies, Peabody Museum, Harvard, expedition. one hears mostly the speech of Spain, inter- H Home, sweet home-50 feet under, off spersed with English. Here and there are ac- Virgin Islands. Four aquanauts of Tektite Virgin Islands. Four aquanauts of Tektite cents of France and the Netherlands, and, in sponsored by the U. S. Navy, NASA, the De] the southern Netherlands Antilles, a unique ment of the Interior, and General Electric ( melange known as Papyamentu (page 115). pany-lived continuously on the sea floor i The political spectrum of the region ranges record 60 days in 1969. One aquanaut remo from Western democracy to despotic rule, as shield from a window of the habitat. An in Haiti, and the New World's only Commu- approaches the sharkproof main entrance. nist regime, in Castro's Cuba. EKTACHROME WITHFISHEYELENSBY FLIP SCHULKE,BLACKSTAR c Here at the midriff of the Americas begins a benevolent 6,000-mile voyage: The Gulf Stream system, born in the Yucatan Channel west of Cuba, lavishes warmth and greenery on shores as distant as Norway. Here, too, in waters around the Lesser Antilles, breed black killer tempests like Hurricane Camille; last August it slammed 190-mile-an-hour winds into the U. S. Gulf Coast to earn dubious fame as a billion-dollar disaster. Among scores of soundings, the map de picts the profundity of the Puerto Rico Trench-at 28,374 feet the Atlantic's great est known depth-as well as the cay-dotted shallows of the hemisphere's longest barrier reef (opposite). Additional copies of the map West Indies and Cen tral America, and other wall maps of the Society, may be ordered by mail from Dept. 61, National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C . 20036. Prices, including post age and handling: $2.15 on paper, $3.30 on plastic (un folded). A booklet index to place names is available for $1.10, postage paid. 113 years nala, :iety Sthe I part Com for a ves a other )N.G.S .