National Geographic : 1971 Jan
Borobudur glorifies Java's Buddhist heritage H ANDS FOLDED IN PRAYER, monks (above) from many Asian countries converge an nually at the Borobudur shrine (left) near Jogjakarta to com memorate the three most im portant events in Buddha's life-his birth, his enlighten ment, and his death. Largest monument in the Southern Hemisphere, pyra mid-shaped Borobudur dates from the ninth century, when Buddhist art and architecture flourished briefly on Java. Ris ing 103 feet, Borobudur is capped by a large central stupa surrounded by 72 smaller shrines of latticed stone, each containing a likeness of Bud dha. Local legend holds that reaching into the cagelike en closure to touch an image (right) brings good luck.