National Geographic : 1972 Feb
wife and three children in Lexington Park, the lively community of 9,000 that has sprung into being on former farmland since the base was established during World War II. AFEW MILES NORTH of Pax River, southern Maryland comes face-to-face with both future and past at Calvert Cliffs, long known for extensive fossil de posits. In these bluffs, whose bright layers of sediment can be seen for miles up, down, and across the bay, lie the remains of whales, sharks, and other creatures dating back to the Miocene Epoch of about 20 million years ago. There I found swarms of yellow-helmeted workmen well along with construction of Maryland's first nuclear power plant. As I sat in a trailer with the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company's Ray Brokamp, a typical Chesapeake squall hit the area, cut ting off power and halting all work. After a few minutes of fierce winds and driving rain, we heard a voice booming from a battery powered loud-hailer: "Is there an electrician in the house?" Almost from the beginning the plant, ex pected to cost nearly $400,000,000, has been under attack by conservationists who fear damage to the environment through accident, disposal of radioactive waste, or thermal pol lution. A recent court decision resulted in new, more stringent regulations affecting not only Calvert Cliffs and a proposed plant near Aberdeen but, in fact, every nuclear power plant in the Nation. When Calvert Cliffs' two reactors are "on line" in 1974, fueled by millions of tiny ura nium dioxide pellets, the plant will feed about 1,700 megawatts into the company's system. Near Piney Point on the Potomac, not far from St. Marys City, where English colonists established Maryland's first capital in 1634, a small forest of masts symbolized the region's seafaring tradition. The masts rose above the Harry Lundeberg School, run by the Sea farers International Union and the ship ping companies with which it has contracts. Administrator Ken Conklin explained the school's mission: "To guide and encourage those seeking careers at sea, and to help those already in the profession to gain greater skills." Each year, Mr. Conklin said, more than 1,000 young men graduate from Lundeberg. To train its students, the school has assembled an impressive fleet of vessels. Largest is the 258-foot steam yacht Dauntless, the former Delphine, commissioned by automobile maker 222 Pleasure-craft hub of Chesapeake country, Maryland's capital dresses up its waterfront for the 1971 U. S. Sailboat Show, largest exposition of its kind. The graceful gray and white dome of the State House dominates Annapolis. Seat of the legislature since colonial times, the building served briefly as national capitol when the Continental Congress convened there from November 26, 1783, to June 3, 1784. Home port of the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis keeps historic streets like Maryland Avenue (right) spick-and-span as a carrier deck.