National Geographic : 1972 Mar
ridge that shoulders the Pacific. In the church a stained-glass window depicts the 1792 en counter between Captain Vancouver and Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, who met at Nootka Sound to implement an earlier treaty yielding Spain's shaky hold on the region. For minutes I lingered before the window. Its beauty, I reflected, somehow * seemed to make up for the sad eclipse of this spot where British Columbia's history began. The Uchuck, on request, will stop at such places as Charlie O'Hara's floating lumber camp on Tahsis Inlet. Mr. O'Hara was "on holiday" when I went there, but I spent a jovial time learning about loggers from Ann Hill, the camp's cook (page 363), who was varnishing a kitchen table when I arrived. I asked if woodsmen were the prodigious eaters I had heard them to be. "Well," she replied, "we have a crew of eight in this camp, and they'll put away a seven- or eight-pound roast and four pounds of potatoes in a meal. But it's a funny thing; they just love salads, and a single pie or cake will last a week." My faith in Paul Bunyans was shattered. Eighty Years Pass Between Harvests The buildings of O'Hara's camp perch on rafts so they can be towed from one shore site to another. But such camps are a dwindling phenomenon. Using small crews and rela tively minimal equipment, they log tracts on contract for larger companies. They bring out timber from the few areas where terrain or other factors make it uneconomic for the big operator to go in with his road builders and huge logging machines. Just as forest utilization has made great strides, so has forest management. Logging today is done on a "sustained yield" basis, with industry and government cooperating to assure future supplies of a precious resource. "Companies plant as many as four trees for each one cut," Doug Adderley, an official of the British Columbia Forest Service, ex plained. "Replanted tracts in about eighty years will grow enough to be harvested again. And we're working on ways of producing trees that will grow better and faster. "Genetic research promises us answers. But because a conifer's lifetime is so long, a scientist starting a crossbreeding project today probably won't be around to see the results. Still, we're pretty sure that genetically we can do for trees what has been done for wheat and rice and corn." 360 Swapping city ways for country life, former schoolteacher Jim Green emigrated from California to British Columbia three years ago. On a 15-acre farm he raises vege tables, fruits, and herbs for his organic food stores-"Sun and Seed"-at Alert Bay and Port Hardy. At day's end (right), Mr. Green plays with his daughters Bre and Ajana in the rough-planked living room of their 60 year-old farmhouse. With the aid of the two tots, Jenny Green picks peas (below).