National Geographic : 1973 Oct
Treasure now theirs, bejeweled belts worn by sultans dazzle Turkish farmers in Topkapi, for merly the Ottoman palace and now Turkey's leading museum. As Ottomans swept into Persia, as far as Morocco, and to the gates of Vienna, they won im mense fortunes in booty and trib ute. A highlight of the museum collection is this 86-carat dia mond (right, actual size). The once-forbidden precincts of Topkapi, known to Europeans as the Seraglio, open to outsiders the setting for Ottoman intrigues: the sultan's bedroom, eunuchs' apartments, women's quarters, and even kitchens that prepared some 6,000 meals a day. To break with the extravagant past, Ata tiirk in 1923 moved the capital 200 miles away to Ankara.