National Geographic : 1974 Aug
from the evidence in his log; possibly he rounded the hump entirely, sailing east again into the Gulf of Guinea. He wrote of seeing crocodiles, hippopotamuses, and "women with shaggy bodies ... called Gorillas"-the explorers skinned three of them. The other venturer, Himilco, was reported by the Roman Festus Avienus to have gone north around Iberia and reached England, the Insula Albionum of the tin trade. Though history ever since has talked of regular Phoenician voyages to the Tin Isles, no archeological evidence has yet been found in England to prove it. Tin from Cornwall, the Scilly Isles, and Brittany probably went overland, across Gaul to Iberia or to Greek colonies in southern France, says Dr. Donald B. Harden, former Director of the London Museum and a noted Phoenician historian. "A few Carthaginian coins have been found in Britain," he told me, "but they could have been taken there by the Romans." Whatever the extent of other Phoenician voyages, they went well beyond Gibraltar into the unknown of the open Atlantic. At Tangier, by the rock tombs of ancient Tingis, Grin to please a god animates a 2,500-year-old terra-cotta mask, held by equally jovial Vincenzo Pugliese on Motya. Once under Carthage's sway, the tiny island on the west coast of Sicily has yielded a trove of relics. Phoe nicians put masks in tombs as offerings and perhaps wore them in temple dances to ward off evil. Amulet of colored glass may represent the Phoenician god Bes. The popeyed pendant (left and cover picture), here shown close to actual size, was found on the island of Ibiza in the Balearics. Trapped in a holocaust, white-clad Carthaginians in 146 B.C . fight to the death against Romans (next pages). "Carthage must be destroyed," Cato the Elder had repeatedly urged his fellow senators. Rather than surrender, the wife of the city's ruler threw herself into the flaming Temple of Eshmun. Romans sold survivors into slavery and razed the rival city.