National Geographic : 1974 Nov
Restored merchantman reveals the ancient shipwright's art SHE HAD GIVEN perhaps a century of service, but she would give no more. Within sight of Kyrenia harbor a bow seam opened, and the thrice-patched ship slowly filled. Her crew of four gathered their valuables before abandoning the doomed vessel. She had been a tramp coastal trader, not especially i large-47 feet long by 141/2 across - or very fast-4 to 5 knots. Unremarkable during her working life, the Kyrenia ship today stands as the oldest craft ever raised and restored. 10 Here artist Richard Schlecht, working from hard data and educated conjecture, captures her likeness. Forty feet of yard (8) held up to 700 square feet of linen sailcloth. Raised from the afterdeck by a halyard (9), the yard could be angled with braces (10) to catch the wind. Dual steering oars (1) kept the ship on course. Though more efficient than a single rudder, the exposed oars were more vulnerable to damage. 622 Lead sheathing (2) was added, long after the ship was built, to protect the hull from worms. Fastened with thousands of copper nails, the watertight skin added years to the vessel's life. Weather cloths (3), probably of woven matting, shielded wine filled amphorae (4) from waves. The mats could be removed to facilitate loading and unloading of cargo.