National Geographic : 1975 Jan
Wandering life on the wane Smiling with her eyes, a woman of the Shahsavan tribe modestly veils herface. She and the rest of the tribe will break camp (below) as they move theirflocks to summer quarters higher in the mountains east of Tabriz. As they have for centuries, some two million nomadic and seminomadic people from 25 major tribes still migrate with the seasons in search of greener pasturesfor their goats and sheep. But modern society and its values now encroach on these wanderers. New emphasis on education, as well as conscriptionfor military and social service, expose tribal young people to a much largerworld than the one their parents knew. The eventual end of their nomadic existence seems inevitable as Iran rushes to embrace the 20th century.