National Geographic : 1975 May
Parliament, and all ministries and branches of government. This has resulted in a clamor of international protests and a racial animos ity within Rhodesia that still smolders under ground like a deadly, hidden mine fire. ONG A SELF-GOVERNING COLONY of Great Britain, Rhodesia declared its independence in 1965. The act was branded illegal by the British, who wanted assurance of majority rule before granting independence. There have been attempts at settlement between the two governments, and a compromise was agreed to in 1971, only to shatter on the rock of African opposition. The United Nations imposed sanctions pro hibiting trade with Rhodesia, but many coun tries have continued a clandestine exchange of manufactures, raw materials, and food. However, for a decade the Montana-size land has been a pariah among nations, not recog nized officially by any other country. Moreover, the warfare in the northern region, though limited, has been extremely Foxholes flank a tug-of-war, as a Rhodesian Army unit guards schoolchildren near St. Albert's Mission run by German Jesuits. Here, black guerrillas kidnapped 295 African pupils and staff in July 1973, an act perhaps designed to intimidate the moderate black community.